Bharatpur: Exploring The Gateway To Chitwan National Park

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Bharatpur is a rapidly growing city located in the Chitwan district of Nepal, which serves as a gateway to the Chitwan National Park. It has undergone significant development in recent years, with an increasing number of hotels, restaurants, and entertainment venues.

This article aims to explore the city of Bharatpur, its history, culture, attractions, and activities.

History

Bharatpur was founded in 1816 by Rana Bikram Singh, who named it after his father, Bharat Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. It was originally a small village, but it developed into a town when the Rana dynasty established a palace in the city. In the mid-20th century, Bharatpur became an important transportation hub due to its strategic location between Kathmandu and the Indian border. It was also a significant center for the Nepalese military during the Maoist insurgency.

Culture

Bharatpur has a diverse cultural heritage, with a blend of Hindu, Buddhist, and indigenous ethnic groups. The Tharu people, an ethnic group native to the region, have a distinct culture that revolves around agriculture and wildlife conservation. The city also has several religious sites, including the Devghat Dham, Haridwar of Nepal. Some other popular religious sites are

Harihar Temple (Narayangadh)

Bageshwari Temple

Mahakaleshwar Shiva Mandir

Kalika Temple ( Gaindakot)

Shree Laxmi Narshimha Divya dham ( Gaindakot)

Rameshwar Temple and Laxmi Narayan Mandir (Kshetrapur)

 

Attractions

Bharatpur has several attractions that draw visitors from around the world. The Chitwan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located just a few kilometers from the city and is home to rare species of flora and fauna. Visitors can take guided safaris, jungle walks, or canoe rides to explore the park. –

– Upardanghari Fort
– Bishazari Tal: A paradise for bird watchers with twenty thousand lakes.
– Kasara Durbar: Home to the Chitwan National Park office and a captivating museum.
– Diyalo Bangla Palace: An ancient palace used by the Shah Dynasty of Nepal during the spring season.
– Rapti River
– DasDhunga: A significant historical site where the people’s leader Madan Bhandari met his unfortunate accident.
– Chitwan Jungle Safari and Elephant Riding
– Indulge in local delicacies like Tass, Momo, Sukuti, Newari food, Tharu Food, and more.
– Elephant Breeding Center
– Immerse yourself in the vibrant Tharu culture
– Explore religious places like Devghat, Ganeshthan Temple, Bageshwari Temple, Harihar Temple, Kalika Temple, Durga Temple, Shahwat Dham, and more.
– Tinkhola Monastery
– Narayanghat and Narayani River: Shop till you drop and savor the famous Taas, a spicy fried goat-meat lunch dish served with bhuja or chiura.
– Capture stunning sunset and sunrise views over the Rapti and Narayani rivers.
– Rani Pokhari: An open-air sculpture museum, perfect for a delightful picnic.
– Jalbire Waterfall
– Chiraichalai Hill

Accommodation

Bharatpur has a range of accommodation options, from budget guesthouses to luxury hotels. The Jungle Villa Resort, located just outside the Chitwan National Park, is a popular option for tourists. It offers comfortable accommodation, dining, and recreational facilities, as well as guided tours of the park.

Dining

Bharatpur has a variety of dining options, with several restaurants serving Nepalese, Indian, and international cuisine. The Tandoori Night Restaurant, located in the heart of the city, is known for its delicious Indian dishes and cozy atmosphere. The Jungle Villa Resort also has a restaurant that serves a range of cuisines, including Nepalese, Indian, and Continental.

Shopping

Bharatpur has several shopping centers and markets that offer a range of products, including handicrafts, textiles, and souvenirs. The Narayangarh Market, located in the center of the city, is the largest market in the region. It is a great place to shop for local handicrafts, such as wooden carvings, pottery, and woven textiles.

Activities

Bharatpur offers a range of activities for visitors to enjoy. The Chitwan National Park is the main attraction, where visitors can enjoy safaris, nature walks, and canoe rides. The city also has several adventure sports activities, such as zip-lining, bungee jumping, and rock climbing. The Jungle Villa Resort also offers recreational facilities, including a swimming pool, a spa, and a gym.

Transportation

Bharatpur is well-connected by road and air. The city has a domestic airport, Bharatpur Airport, which connects it to major cities in Nepal. The nearest international airport is in TIA Kathmandu, which is about 88 km away from Bharatpur. The city is also well-connected by road, with regular bus and taxi services available to neighbouring cities and towns.

Festivals

Bharatpur celebrates several festivals throughout the year, reflecting the cultural diversity of the region. The Holi festival, also known as the “festival of colors,” is one of the most important festivals celebrated in the city. During this festival, people throw colored powder and water at each other to celebrate the arrival of spring. The Bisket Jatra festival, celebrated in April, is another significant festival in Bharatpur. It is a Hindu festival that involves the display of colorful chariots and the playing of traditional music.

Education

Chitwan Higher Secondary School holds the distinction of being the oldest government school in Chitwan District, located in Bharatpur. The city is also home to a number of colleges, including the College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur, and Chitwan Medical College. However, one of the most renowned educational institutions in Bharatpur is the Agriculture and Forestry University. Established in 2010, it is Nepal’s first technical university and plays a significant role in the field of agriculture and forestry education.

Healthcare

Bharatpur is often called as Medical City of Nepal.

Bharatpur has several hospitals and healthcare centers that provide medical services to the local population and visitors.

Bharatpur has a highly advanced healthcare system with renowned hospitals. Bharatpur Hospital, is the second-largest government hospital in the country, which was established through American aid as part of a malaria control program initiated by the US government at the request of the late King Mahendra of Nepal.

Additionally, the B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital was founded in 1994 with the assistance of China, further enhancing the city’s healthcare infrastructure.

Bharatpur is also home to two medical colleges, the College of Medical Sciences and Chitwan Medical College, both of which have their own teaching hospitals.

In addition to these institutions, other notable healthcare facilities in Bharatpur include Niko Children’s Hospital, Narayani Community Hospital, and Bharatpur Eye Hospital.

Environment

Bharatpur is located in the Chitwan, which is surrounded by the Chitwan National Park and several other protected areas. The city has several initiatives aimed at protecting the environment, including the conservation of forests and wildlife, the promotion of eco-tourism, and the use of renewable energy sources.

Conclusion

Bharatpur is a vibrant city that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. It is an ideal destination for travelers who want to explore the Chitwan National Park and immerse themselves in the local culture. With its range of accommodation, dining, and recreational facilities, Bharatpur has something to offer for everyone.

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