Birendranagar: Explore the Vibrant City of Nepal


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Birendranagar, named after the late King Birendra of Nepal, is located in the Surkhet District of the Karnali Province. It is the capital city of Karnali Province and serves as the administrative headquarters of the Surkhet District. The city is located on the Babai River’s banks and surrounded by hills. Birendranagar is known for its rich cultural heritage, scenic beauty, and natural resources.


Birendranagar is located in the western part of Nepal. It is situated at an altitude of 619 meters above sea level. It is located at a distance of 600 kilometres from the capital city of Kathmandu. The city has a subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters. The temperature in Birendranagar ranges from a minimum of 10°C in winter to a maximum of 35°C in summer. The city receives an average rainfall of 1,200 mm per year. Birendranagar is located in the Mahabharat Range and is surrounded by hills and mountains.

Culture and Festivals

Birendranagar is known for its cultural diversity. The city is home to people from different ethnic backgrounds, including Chhetri, Brahmin, Newar, Thakuri, and Dalit. The major festivals celebrated in Birendranagar are Dashain, Tihar, Chhath, and Holi. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and involve traditional rituals and customs.


Birendranagar is a popular tourist destination in Nepal. The city is known for its scenic beauty and natural resources. The major tourist attractions in Birendranagar are the Babai River, the Bheri River, and the Khaptad National Park. The city is also known for its adventure sports, including trekking, hiking, and mountain biking. The Khaptad National Park, located in the hills of Birendranagar, is a popular destination for trekking enthusiasts. The park has various flora and fauna, including musk deer, Himalayan black bears, and leopards. 

  • Bulbule Lake
  • Kakrevihar
  • Bheri Kanali Sangam
  • Mangalgadhi
  • Deuti Bajai Temple
  • This is gateway to Rara and Shey-Phoksundo lakes.


Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy in Birendranagar. The city produces paddy, maize, wheat, and millet. Other major crops grown in the region include fruits and vegetables, including apples, oranges, bananas, and tomatoes. The city also has a small industrial sector, including textile and garment manufacturing.

yellow sunflower field In Birendranagar


Birendranagar has a well-developed education system with several schools and colleges. The city is home to the Birendra Multiple Campus, a constituent campus of Tribhuvan University. The campus offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields, including science, management, and humanities.


Birendranagar has a well-established healthcare system with several hospitals and clinics. The city is home to the Karnali Province Hospital, the largest hospital in the province. The hospital provides medical services to the people of Birendranagar and the surrounding areas. The major diseases in the region include malaria, dengue fever, and tuberculosis.


Birendranagar is connected to other cities in Nepal by road and air. The city has a small airport, the BirendraNagar Airport, which domestic airlines serve.  Birendranagar Airport is another name for Surkhet Airport. 

The city is also connected to other major cities in Nepal by road. Ratna Highway is the road way linked to this city. It takes 11 hours nearly to reach Kathmandu from Birendranagar which is 600 KMs appox. 

Buses and taxis are the main modes of transportation in Birendranagar.


The Birendranagar Municipality governs Birendranagar, and the municipality is responsible for the administration and development of the city. The city is also the capital of Karnali Province, and the provincial government is responsible for the region’s overall development.

Challenges and Opportunities

Birendranagar faces several challenges, including poverty, lack of infrastructure, and low literacy levels. However, the city also has several opportunities for development, including its rich natural resources and strategic location.


Birendranagar is a city with a rich cultural heritage and natural resources. The city has several development opportunities, and its strategic location makes it an important hub for trade and commerce. However, the city faces several challenges, including poverty and lack of infrastructure. With proper planning and development, Birendranagar can become Nepal’s significant economic and cultural hub.


What is the population of Birendranagar?

The population of Birendranagar is approximately 50,000.

What is the best time to visit Birendranagar?

The best time to visit Birendranagar is from October to May.

What is the primary source of income in Birendranagar?

Agriculture is the primary source of income in Birendranagar.

What is the literacy rate in Birendranagar?

The literacy rate in Birendranagar is approximately 55%.

What are the primary healthcare facilities in Birendranagar?

The primary healthcare facilities in Birendranagar include the Karnali Province Hospital and several private clinics and hospitals.


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