Vibrant City of Hetauda: Culture, Industries, and Tourism


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Hetauda, a city located in central Nepal. Hetauda’s name originates from Hindu mythology’s demon, Hidamba, who married Bhimsen as mentioned in the Mahabharat.

It is the capital city of Bagmati Province and the Makwanpur district’s headquarters. It is situated at an altitude of 300 meters above sea level.

In this article, we will explore the city of Hetauda in detail like Geographical location, Demographics, Economy, Agriculture, Tourism, Culture and much more.

Geographical Location of Hetauda

Location and Climate

Hetauda is located in the central part of Nepal and is surrounded by hills and forests. The city is situated on the Rapti River’s banks, a tributary of the Narayani River. The climate of Hetauda is sub-tropical, with hot summers and cool winters. The monsoon season lasts from June to September, bringing good rainfall to the city.

Geographical Features

Hills surround Hetauda, the Mahabharat Range envelopes Hetauda from the north, while the Siwalik Range dominates the southern side. The Rapti and Karra River flows through the city, and several small rivers like Saamari and streams flow through the surrounding hills.

Hetauda comes under Inner Terai region which comes between Mahabharat Range and Siwalik range. 



According to the 2015 census, the population of Hetauda is around 152,875. The city’s population has been steadily increasing over the years and is expected to grow further.

Ethnic Groups

Hetauda is a multicultural city, and people from different ethnic groups live here. The major ethnic groups in the city are the Brahmins, Chhetris, Newars, Thakuris, Tamangs, and Magars and Chepang.


Nepali is the official language of Hetauda, and most people speak it in the city. However, other languages are also spoken in the city, such as Newari, Tamang, and Magar.



Hetauda is a hub of industry and commerce in Nepal. The city has several industries, including cement,  paper, and textiles.

The Hetauda Industrial District


The Hetauda Industrial District (HID) was established in 1963 with US assistance.

HID infrastructure includes developed land, boundary walls, electricity distribution, a drainage system, industrial sheds, and warehouses.

The district spans 2829 ropanies, with 2506 ropanies being fully developed and 602 ropanies occupied by the service sector. There are currently 100 industries in the district, 63 of them are operational. The private sector invests over 502 crores in these industries, while the government invests 5.33 crores.

Hetauda is one of Nepal’s biggest cement producers, and Hetauda is home to the following cement factories.

  • Hetauda Cement
  • Shivam Cement
  • Riddhi Siddhi Cement 


Hetauda is also known for its agriculture sector. The fertile land in the surrounding hills is ideal for cultivating crops such as rice, maize, wheat, and vegetables.

People are more into organic farming in Makwanpur and Hetauda area and we can understand it from this article.

Business and Trade

Hetauda is an important centre for business and trade in Nepal. The city is strategically located on the trade route between Kathmandu and the biggest Indian Boarder, Raxul.

Hetauda also serves as a gateway to the southern part of Nepal. The Hetauda Chamber of Commerce and Industry, established in 1970, is a powerful platform for promoting business and trade in the city.

Culture and Festivals

Cultural Heritage

Hetauda has a rich cultural heritage, and the city has several historical sites and monuments.

The Makwanpurgadhi Fort, built in the 18th century, is a significant tourist attraction. The fort is situated on a hill, offering a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding hills. Other cultural sites in the city include the Bhutan Devi Temple, Banaskhandi Temple etc

Festivals and Celebrations

Hetauda is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations. The city celebrates all major Hindu festivals, such as Dashain, Tihar, and Holi. Holi played in School Road every year is popular among the young generations.

Akhanda Hari Krirtan Temple in the heart of City of Hetauda is amazing place where Hare Ram Hare Krishna Mantra is being chanted from last many decade without interruption (Akhanda Japa Kirtana ).

Education and Healthcare

Education System

Hetauda has a well-developed education system. The city has several schools, colleges that provide quality education to students. Following are some of the education instututions in Hetauda.

Healthcare Facilities

Hetauda has several healthcare facilities, including hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies.

  • Hetauda Hospital (Madan Bhandari Institute of Health and Sciences)
  • Hetauda Community Eye Hospital
  • Hetauda City Hospita
  • Chure Hill Hospital
  • Hetauda Orthopedic And General Hospital PVT.LTD
  • Maire Stope
  • Electro Homeo Clinic


Places of Interest

Hetauda has several places of interest that are worth visiting. The Makwanpurgadhi Fort, which was mentioned earlier, is a major attraction for tourists. The Gumba Danda, a hilltop monastery, Sahid Smarak, Chisapani Gadhi, Trikhandi Mahadev Mandir, Sano Manakamana Mandir, Sano Pasupatinath Mandir, Gorakshawor Mandir, Bhutan Devi Mandir, Saalak Park, Banaskhandi Mandir, Pathaivara Mandir, Kusmanda Sarovar etc are other popular tourist and photography destinations.

Adventure Sports

Hetauda is also known for its adventure sports. The city is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, and it offers several opportunities for trekking and hiking. Markhu, Tistung- Palung, Kulekhani Etc are some popular trekkers destination. Mountain biking is also a popular sports here.

Makwanpurgadhi Zipline has made Hetauda another popular tourist destination for Adventure Sports lovers. This is best for People from Bihar, India if they want to experience zipline and very near to their own city.


Hetauda is also known for its ecotourism. The city is surrounded by forests and hills, offering several opportunities for bird watching and nature walks. Following are major attraction for nature lovers :

  • Brindawan Botanical Garden in PadamPokhari
  • Daman Botanical Garden Makwanpur
  • Tistung Botanical Garden Makwanpur

Transportation and Communication


Hetauda is well-connected to the rest of Nepal by road. The Tribhuvan Highway, which connects Kathmandu to the Terai region, passes through the city. The city is also connected to other parts of Nepal by a network of highways and roads.


Hetauda had Nepal’s first Ropeway, which is inactive now.


The nearest airport to Hetauda is the Simara Airport, which is about 35 kilometres away from the city. The airport is well-connected to major cities in Nepal and other regional countries.


Hetauda has a well-developed communication network. The city has several telecommunication companies offices that provide mobile and internet services to the residents. The Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) has its regional office in Hetauda. Subisu, CG Net, WorldLink Communications, Vianet and Classic Tech etc are the internet service providers in Hetauda.


In conclusion, Hetauda is a beautiful city in Nepal’s Makwanpur district. The city has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations. Hetauda is also an important centre for business and trade in Nepal, providing employment opportunities to lot of people. The city has a well-developed education system and healthcare facilities.

Hetauda is also a popular tourist destination and offers adventure sports and ecotourism opportunities.


What is the population of Hetauda?

The population of Hetauda is around 80,000.

What is the climate like in Hetauda?

Hetauda has a subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters.

What are the major industries in Hetauda?

The major industries in Hetauda include textiles, cement, and paper.

What is the best time to visit Hetauda?

The best time to visit Hetauda is from October to March when the weather is pleasant.

Is Hetauda a safe city for tourists?

Yes, Hetauda is a safe city for tourists. However, tourists should take the necessary precautions while travelling there, like in any other place.

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