City of Nepal – SiddharthaNagar


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Bhuddha from Siddharnagar in red long sleeve shirt sitting

Siddharthanagar Municipality, Nepal – Nestled in the southern part of Rupandehi District, within the scenic Lumbini Province, Siddharthanagar Municipality stands as a vibrant and dynamic administrative hub. Boasting a rich heritage and strategic location, this municipality has emerged as a vital center for tourism, commerce, and industry, serving as a bustling gateway between Nepal and India.

The city is named after Siddhartha, the childhood name of Lord Gautam Buddha.

Siddharthanagar Municipality is a true reflection of cultural traditions, beliefs, literature, language, art, religion, and diverse cultures.Siddharthanagar Municipality experienced a remarkable transformation following the establishment of the Shanti Nagar Airport in 2010.

With the development of settlements gaining momentum, the municipality embraced progress and growth, attracting a wave of investments. Initially known as Bhairahawa Nagar Panchayat in 2024 BS, the city underwent a name change in 2033 BS and became Siddharthanagar.

Source Siddharthanagar Municipality

Geographical Features of Siddharthnagar


Geographical Details Siddharthanagar Municipality
Longitude 83º26′ east
Latitude 27º31′ north
Area 36.03 sq. km
Elevation 110 meters above sea level
Climate Tropical
Temperature Range 2.40°C (minimum) to 45.20°C (maximum)
Average Rainfall 1436.5 mm

Demographics of Siddharthanagar


Siddharthanagar Municipality thrives on its diverse and inclusive community, with a total population of 76,307 according to the Census 2078 Initial Report. The population is evenly distributed between males and females, with 38,136 males and 38,171 females.

The municipality is home to various ethnic groups, including Brahmin, Chhetri, Muslim, Madhesi, Magar, Gurung, Newar, and more, showcasing the rich tapestry of cultures that contribute to the vibrant fabric of the municipality.

With a population density of 2,118 people per square kilometer, there is a sense of togetherness and unity in diversity.

The municipality has 12,329 households accommodating 16,011 family members, further emphasizing its strong community bonds.

Population Details Siddharthanagar Municipality
Total Population 76,307
Male Population 38,136
Female Population 38,171
Ethnic Groups Brahmin, Chhetri, Muslim, Madhesi, Magar, Gurung, Newar, and more
Population Density (per sq. km) 2,118
Number of Households 12,329
Number of Family Members 16,011

Tourist Attractions in SiddharthaNagar

SiddharthaNagar has several tourist attractions that are worth visiting. Here are some of the popular tourist destinations in the city:


SiddharthaNagar, Lumbini World peace world peace pagoda lumbini

Lumbini is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the birthplace of Buddha. Lumbini has several temples, monasteries, and historical sites related to Buddha. 
It is just 97 minutes travel by bus to reach to Lumbini from Bhairahawa Internation Airport.


Kapilvastu is an ancient city and was once the capital of the Kapilvastu kingdom. It is located about 30 kilometres north of SiddharthaNagar. The city has several historical sites related to Lord Buddha.
Those including the Kapilvastu Museum and the Tilaurakot Archaeological Site.


Bhairahawa is a city located about 12 kilometres south of SiddharthaNagar. It is a commercial hub with several shops, restaurants, and hotels. The city also has a few religious sites, including the Bhairahawa Buddhist Monastery.Manimukunda Sen park, Ostrich Farm in Gangoliya


Bheri Baba Temple

Bheri Baba Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in SiddharthaNagar. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is known for its beautiful architecture and peaceful atmosphere.

Culture and Festivals

SiddharthaNagar has a rich cultural heritage and is home to several ethnic groups. The city celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including the Dashain, Tihar, and Buddha Jayanti. During these festivals, the city is decorated with lights and colourful decorations, and people come together to celebrate and enjoy.

Nature and Wildlife

SiddharthaNagar is surrounded by natural beauty and has several parks and wildlife reserves.  home to several rare and endangered species of animals and birds. The city also has several parks, including the Siddhartha Nagar Community Forest, a popular picnic spot.

Food and Cuisine

SiddharthaNagar has a unique cuisine influenced by the neighbouring regions of India and Tibet. The city is known for its delicious momos, a dumpling filled with meat or vegetables. Other popular dishes in the city include local pedas from Pawan Misthan Bhandar and much more. 

Accommodation and Transportation

SiddharthaNagar has several hotels and guesthouses for visitors to stay in. The city is also well-connected with the rest of Nepal and India. There are several Hotels, Resorts and if you want to play you can find Casinos as well. 

Siddharthanagar Municipality proudly houses the esteemed “Gautam Buddha International Airport,” the second international airport in Nepal. This modern aviation hub enhances connectivity, inviting travelers from around the world to explore the wonders of this captivating region.


Shopping and Souvenirs

SiddharthaNagar has several shops and markets where visitors can buy souvenirs and handicrafts. The city is known for its traditional handicrafts, including wooden carvings, pottery, and handwoven fabrics. Visitors can also buy spices, tea, and other local products from the markets. The traditional Haat Bazar is still running here. 

Education and Healthcare

SiddharthaNagar has several schools and colleges, including the Siddhartha English Boarding School and the Siddhartha Public College.
The city also has a few healthcare facilities, including the Siddhartha Hospital and the Bhim Hospital.

Hospitality and People

SiddharthaNagar is known for its hospitality and friendly people. The locals are welcoming and helpful towards visitors, taking pride in their culture and heritage. Visitors can expect to have a pleasant and memorable experience in the city.

Future Development

SiddharthaNagar is undergoing rapid development, and several projects are underway to improve the city’s infrastructure and tourism facilities. The city is set to become a significant tourist destination in Nepal, poised for growth in the coming years.


SiddharthaNagar is a hidden gem in Nepal with a lot to offer about history, culture, and nature. Visitors can explore the city’s ancient sites, enjoy its natural beauty, and experience its unique cuisine and hospitality. With its rich heritage and future development plans, SiddharthaNagar is a city worth visiting for anyone who wants to explore Nepal beyond the beaten path.



What is SiddharthaNagar known for?

SiddharthaNagar is known for its historical and cultural sites, natural beauty, unique cuisine, and friendly people. Lumbini. Kapilvastu, Nepal’s second international airport and birthplace of lord Bhuddha. There are multiple identity of Siddharthanagar.  

What are some famous tourist attractions in SiddharthaNagar?

Some popular tourist attractions in SiddharthaNagar include Lumbini, Kapilvastu, Bhairahawa, and Bheri Baba Temple.

What is the best time to visit SiddharthaNagar?

The best time to visit SiddharthaNagar is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and dry.

Is SiddharthaNagar safe for tourists?

Yes, SiddharthaNagar is safe for tourists. The locals are friendly and welcoming, and the city has a low crime rate.

How do I get to SiddharthaNagar?

SiddharthaNagar is well-connected by air, and road. The nearest airport is the Bhairahawa Airport, which is second international airport of Nepal.
The roadways connects it to major cities in Nepal and India.

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